BASIC FIRST AID
Bleeding - Apply direct pressure with towel or gauze until bleeding is stopped.
Clean minor cuts with Hydrogen Peroxide. Apply antibiotic ointment and band-aid.
Sprains - Apply ice immediately to swelling, and off and on for next 48 hours. Seek
referral for evaluation of injury. Ibuprofen may relieve pain and inflammation.
Elevate extremities where swelling is present. Compression with elastic bandage
may be helpful.
Burns - Treat minor burns with cool water or cool compress. If there is blistering,
seek referral for evaluation of injury. Antiseptic sprays containing Benzocaine may
provide temporary relief. For large burns, go to emergency facility.
Bug Bites/Stings - Apply ice immediately. Remove stinger if visible. Apply
antihistamine cream to site. Take 25 mg Benedryl by mouth. Elevate if sting is on
leg or arm. Go to emergency facility for breathing difficulty or extreme swelling.
Rash/Poison Ivy - Wash area with antibacterial soap. Try not to scratch. Apply
antihistamine cream or hydrocortisone cream to rash. Wash hands after applying.
Take Benedryl by mouth to relieve itching. If not improved in 24 hours, seek referral
for medical treatment.
Colds/Congestion/Sore Throat – Increase cold fluid consumption. Take
decongestant product for congestion according to label. Use throat lozenges if
needed according to directions on label. Take Tylenol for headache, fever, or pain.
Seek medical referral if symptoms do not improve in 48-72 hours or if fever over
102 degrees F, stiff neck or repeated vomiting occur.
Vomiting – Take small sips of ginger ale, weak tea, Sprite, or ice chips every 5-10
minutes. Emetrol liquid may ease nausea—take as directed on label. Once liquids
are tolerated without vomiting, try crackers, toast, bananas, applesauce, rice or
clear soups for the next 24 hours. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (no fried
foods, fatty foods or roughage) and then back to a normal diet. If vomiting is
persistent or accompanied by a fever over 102 degrees F or stiff neck, go to
Diarrhea – Try Kaopectate or Immodium—follow directions on label. Stay on liquid
diet until condition improves. If tolerated, work up to a bland diet (avoid fried foods,
fats and roughage) over the next 24 hours, and then go back to normal diet.